India’s Super Hero Netaji : ‘Jai Hind’
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was conceived on 23 January 1897 in Cuttack (Orissa) to Janakinath Bose and Prabhavati Devi. Subhash was the ninth kid among eight siblings and six sisters. His dad, Janakinath Bose, was a prosperous and effective legal advisor in Cuttack and got the title of “Rai Bahadur”. He later turned into an individual from the Bengal Legislative Council.
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was a splendid understudy. He passed his B.A. in Philosophy from the Presidency College in Calcutta. He was profoundly impacted by Swami Vivekananda’s lessons and was referred to for his enthusiastic enthusiasm as an understudy. In an episode where Bose beat up his educator (E.F. Otten) for his supremacist comments, brought him a reputation as a revolutionary Indian in eyes of the administration. His dad needed Netaji to wind up noticeably a government employee and along these lines, sent him to England to show up for the Indian Civil Service Examination. Bose was put forth with most astounding imprints in English. Be that as it may, his inclination for taking an interest in the flexibility development was extraordinary and in April 1921, he surrendered from the pined for Indian Civil Service and returned to India. In December 1921, Bose was captured and detained for sorting out a blacklist of the festivals to check the Prince of Wales’ visit to India.
Amid his stay in Berlin, he met and experienced passionate feelings for Emily Schenkl, who was of Austrian starting point. Bose and Emily were hitched in 1937 of every a mystery Hindu service and Emily brought forth a girl Anita in 1942. Not long after the introduction of their girl, Bose left Germany in 1943 to return to India.
Netaji and Rise of Azad Hind Fauj (INA)
The long struggles towards freedom of India is enfolded with the forgotten and undying spirits of Freedom Fighters . Indian Nation Army (INA) or Azad Hind Fauj is one of such group which is buried in the pages of India’s Freedom Struggle Movement.
Azad Hind Fauj , the army organization was founded by Mohan Singh and comprised Indian prisoners of War in Singapore. It was first formed on February 17, 1942, comprising captured Indian Prisoners of war of the British Indian Army. This was done on the initiative of the Imperial Japanese Army. World II was at its peak and Britain had lost Singapore to Japan. Under an overcast sky, around 45,000 Indian Soldiers gathered in a football field called Farrer Park in Singapore. Addressing the crowd , Major Fujiwara of the Imperial Japanese Army gave a call to form Azad Hind Fauj. Japan was interested to form INA because for their slogan “Asia for Asiatics” . So what, they looked at Indian Soldiers as allies and wanted to capitalize on their strength against its fight with Britain.
Captain Mohan Singh is became the first commander of the Indian National Army . Captain Gurbakh Singh Dhillon was a part of the soldiers at Farrer Park, 1942. Speaking in a documentary “The Forgotten Army” Dhillon said
Major Fujiwara said to us , you Indians have been surrendered to us as prisoners. We are Asians , and so are you. How can a brother keep a brother prisoner ? I hand you over to Captain Mohan Singh , general commander of the Indian National Army
In January 1941, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose made an arranged escape and achieved Berlin, Germany by means of a reroute through Peshawar. Germans guaranteed him their full help in his undertakings and he picked up steadfastness of Japan too. He took a hazardous voyage back east and achieved Japan where he expected summon more than 40,000 officers selected from Singapore and other South East Asian locales. He called his armed force the ‘Indian National Army’ (INA) and drove the same to catch the Andaman and Nicobar islands from the British and rechristened it as Shaheed and Swaraj Islands. A temporary “Azad Hind Government” began working in the caught regions. The INA or the Azad Hind Fauj gazed for India and crossed Burma Border, and remained on Indian soil on March 18, 1944. Tragically, the tide of the World War turned and the Japanese and German powers surrendered which constrained him to cancel promote headway.
Use of Azad Hind Radio & Role of empowered Women
The Azad Hind Fauj selected radio station to encourage countrymen to fight for freedom. It formed Azad Hind Radio to broadcast news in the most common languages of the Indians. More , the INA was believer in woman power . Rani of Jhansi Regiment was formed as all women soldiers under the Azad Hind Fauj.
The woman were given training like night marches, bayonet charging, tactical combat, weapon skills and made ready for the battle.
Read Also : Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose -The Untold Story